A boring story about work: Do bored employees ruminate?

Ernesto Rosario-Hernández, Lillian V. Rovira Millán, Natalie C. Sánchez-García, Clara M. Padovani Rivera, Ángela Velázquez Lugo, Ishi M. Maldonado Fonseca, Laura Bisbal Vicéns


The purpose of this study was to examine effects of boredom at work on psychological and sleep health and how rumination moderates these relationships. A total of 518 employees participated in this cross-sectional research design study from different organizations in Puerto Rico. Employees completed self-report questionnaires of boredom at work, work-related rumination, depression, anxiety, and sleep health. Boredom at work and rumination have a direct effect on psychological and sleep health. Meanwhile rumination moderated the relationship between boredom at work and psychological health. Because the research was exploratory and cross-sectional, conclusions are necessarily tentative. However, the findings add to the scant body of knowledge about boredom at work and it effects on psychological and sleep health, especially the addition of rumination as a moderator, which it will serve as a useful guide to future research. Management must pay attention to boredom at work due to its impact on employees’ psychological and sleep health, and to consider redesigning work as well as supporting employees that actively search to be challenged at work. Boredom at work is an important yet neglected area of human resources management and organizational psychology research. The current study is the first to examine if bored employees ruminate and how this affect employees’ psychological and sleep health.

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