Factores asociados al abuso de menores: Resultados de una intervención para el fortalecimiento de prácticas de crianza

Marizaida Sánchez-Cesareo, Israel Sánchez-Cardona, María Beyer, Christian González-Jimenez, Katharine Bensinger

Resumen


El propósito de este estudio fue examinar la efectividad de la intervención Fundamentos de Crianza para fortalecer las prácticas de crianzas y reducir el nivel de riesgo la maltrato de menores. Además, pretendía examinar factores sociodemográficas y contextuales que se relacionan con el riesgo al maltrato y negligencia luego de la intervención (T2).  Realizamos  análisis secundario de datos con una muestra 198 participantes (54% Hispanos) que finalizaron el programa de intervención Fundamentos de Crianza durante el año 2015-2016. Los resultados de análisis de varianzas de medidas repetidas muestran que el programa logró un incremento en las estrategias de crianza positivas entre los participantes de todos los grupos y tuvo un efecto favorable en la reducción del riesgo al maltrato, en particular en la falta de Empatía sobre las Necesidades del Niño y el Uso de Castigo Físico. En su mayoría, los patrones de cambio fueron significativamente diferentes por grupo de edad. Resultados del análisis de regresión siguieren que la etnicidad, el desempleo y el estatus marital se relacionan con el riesgo al maltrato luego de la intervención. Este estudio provee evidencia sobre la efectividad de Fundamentos de Crianza para el desarrollo de prácticas de crianza positivas y la reducción del riesgo al maltrato en padres de niños de diversos grupos de edad y de diferentes grupos étnicos. Además, pone de manifiesto factores individuales y contextuales relevantes que se asocian al riesgo al maltrato que resultan cruciales para el diseño e implementación de intervenciones de crianza en la comunidad. 


Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Bavolek, S.J., & Keene, R.G. (2010). Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory-2 (AAPI). Product of Family Development Resources, Inc. Recuperado de https://www.assessingparenting.com/

Belsky, J. (1993). Etiology of Child Maltreatment: A developmental-Ecological Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114(3), 413-434.

Ben-Arieh, A. (2010). Socioeconomic Correlates of Rates of Child Maltreatment in Small Communities. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(1),109–114

Chen, M., & Chan, K.L. (2016). Effects of Parenting Programs on Child Maltreatment Prevention: A Meta-Analysis. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 17(1), 88-104.

Conners, N.A., Whiteside-Mansell, L., Deere, D., Ledet, T., & Edwards, M.C. (2006). Measuring the potential for child maltreatment: the reliability and validity of the Adult Adolescent Parenting Inventory-2. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30(1), 39-53.

Coulton, C. J., Korbin, J. E., Su, M., & Chow, J. (1995). Community Level Factors and Child Maltreatment Rates. Child Development, 66, 1262–1276. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00934.x

Dakil, S.R., Cox,M., Lin, H., & Flores, G. (2011). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Physical Abuse Reporting and Child Protective Services Interventions in the United States. Journal of the National Medical Association, 103(9&10), 926-931.

Dubowitz, H. Kim, J., Black, M.M., Weisbart, C., Semiatin, J. & Magder, L.S. (2011). Odentifying children at risk for a child maltreatment report. Child Abuse & Neglect, 35, 96-104.

Enders, C.K. (2010). Applied Missing Data Analysis. New York: Guilford Press.

Fang, X., Brown, D.S., Florence, C.S., Mercy J.A. (2012). The economic burden of child maltreatment in the United States and implications for prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 156–165.

Fluke, J. D., Yuan, Y. Y. T., Henderson, J. & Curtis, P. A. (2003). Disproportionate representation of race and ethnicity in child maltreatment: Investigation and victimization. Children and Youth Services Review, 25(5/6), 359–373.

Garbarino, J., & Kostelny, K. (1992). Child maltreatment as a community problem. Child Abuse and Neglect, 16, 455-464.

Gencer, A. (2014). Creating opportunity for families a two-generation approach. The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Recuperado de: http://www.aecf.org/resources/creating-opportunity-for-families/

Heckman, J. J. (2012). Invest in early childhood development: Reduce deficits, strengthen the economy. Recuperado de http://www.heckmanequation.org/.

Herrenkohl, T.I., Leeb, R.T., & Higgins, D. (2016). The Public Health Model of child maltreatment prevention. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 7(4), 363–365.

Hussey, J.M., Chang, J.J., & Kotch, J.B. (2006). Child Maltreatment in the United States: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Adolescent Health Consequences, Pediatrics, 118(3), 933-942.

Kaminski, J.W., Valle, L.A., Filene, J.H., Boyle, C.L. (2008). A meta-analytic review of components associated with parent training program effectiveness. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36(4), 567-589.

Knerr W, Gardner F, Cluver L. (2013). Improving positive parenting skills and reducing harsh and abusive parenting in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Prevention Science, 14(4), 352-363.

Lawson, M.A., Alameda-Lawson, T., & Byrnes, E. (2017). Analyzing the Validity of the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory for Low-Income Populations. Research on Social Work Practice, 27(4), 441-455. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731514567154

Leong, F.T.L. & Nye, C. (2017). A disentangling approach to racial and ethnic health disparities research: Demography is a poor proxy for psychology. Manuscript in preparation.

Lundahl, B.W., Nimer, J., & Parsons, B. (2006). Preventing Child Abuse: A Meta-Analysis of Parent Training Programs. Research on Social Work Practice, 16 (3), 251-262.

Mama, R. S. (2010). Needs, Rights, and the Human Family: The Practicality of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Child Welfare, (89)5, 177-189.

Mermelstein, R.J. & Revenson, T.A. (2013). Applying theory across settings, behaviors and populations: Translational challenges and opportunities. Health Psychology, 32(5), 592-596.

Merritt, D.H. (2009). Child abuse potential: Correlates with child maltreatment rates and structural measures of neighborhoods. Children and Youth Services Review, 31, 927–934.

Mikton, C., & Butchart, A. (2009). Child maltreatment prevention: A systematic review of reviews. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87 (5), 353-361.

Moreno Manso, J.M. (2006). Revisión de los principales modelos teóricos explicativos del maltrato infantil. Enseñanza e investigación en Psicología, 2(2), 271-292.

Nelson, G.R., & Caplan, R. (2014). Prevention of Child Physical Abuse and Neglect: An Update. Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, 5(1), 1-51.

Parke, R.D., & Colmer, C.W. (1975). Child abuse: an interdisciplinary analysis. En E. Hetherigton (Ed.), Review of child development research (pp. 509-590). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Payne, R. (2014). A Framework for Understanding Poverty. aha! Process, Inc, Highlands TX, USA

Pérez Pedrogo, C. Sánchez Cesáreo, M. Martínez Taboas, A., Colón Jordán, H. & Morales-Boscio, A. (2016). Violencia Comunitaria: Programas Basados en la Evidencia como Alternativa para su Mitigación. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 27(1), 26-42.

Pisani Altafim, E.R., & Martins Linhares, M.B. (2016). Universal violence and child maltreatment prevention programs for parents: A systematic review. Psychosocial Interventions, 25(1), 27-38.

Pinheiro, P.L. (2006). World Report on Violence against Children. United Nations Secretary- General’s Study on Violence Against Children. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Publishing Services. Recuperado de https://www.unicef.org/violencestudy/I.%20World%20Report%20on%20Violence%20against%20Children.pdf

Prilleltensky, I., Nelson, G., & Peirson, L. (2001). The role of power and control in children's lives: an ecological analysis of pathways toward wellness, resilience and problems. Journal Community and Applied Social Psychology, 11(2), 143–158. doi:10.1002/casp.616

Rosel, J., Jara Jimenez, P., & Herrero Machancoses, F. (2014). Pronóstico con interacción de variables categóricas. Castelló de la Plana, España: Universitat Jaume I Colección Sapientia. http://repositori.uji.es/xmlui/handle/10234/106275

Sánchez Cesáreo, M., Morales Boscio, A. & de Jesús Rosa, I. (2017). Camino al bienestar: promoviendo políticas publicas para el desarrollo integral de la niñez y juventud puertorriqueña. En C. Carcía Coll & N. Vélez (Eds.), Perspectivas en Desarrollo Humano: Prevención y promoción en niños y adolescentes (pp.261-276). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Publicaciones Gaviota.

Sánchez Cesáreo, M., Santiago Rodríguez, B., Morales Boscio, A.,Hernández Gierbolini, I., Toro Torres, J., & Colón Jordán, H. (2016). Identificación y Diseminación de Intervenciones Exitosas para la Prevención del Maltrato a Menores en Puerto Rico. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 27(1), 10-24.

Slack, K. S., Berger, L. M., DuMont, K., Yang, M-Y, Kim, B., Ehrhard-Dietzel, S., & Holl, J. L. (2011). Risk and protective factors for child neglect during early childhood: A cross-study comparison Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1354–1363.

Stith SM, Liu TL, Davies C, Boykin EL, Alder MC, Harris JM, et al. Dees JEMEG. Risk factors in child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior,14, 13–29.

The Society for Prevention Research (2004). A Case for Braided Prevention Research and Service Funding, Recuperado de http://www.evidencebasedpolicy.org/docs/SPR_Braided_Funding_paper.pdf.

Theise et al. (2014). Moderators of intervention effects on parenting practices in a randomized controlled trial in early childhood. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(3), 501–509

Thiede, B.C.,Thiede, H., & Slack, T. (2017). Marriage, Work, and Racial Inequalities in Poverty: Evidence From the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family , 79, 1241– 1257.

Thomas, A., & Sawhill, I. (2005). For love and money? The impact of family structure on family income, The Future of Children, 15(2), 57-74.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children’s Bureau (2017). Child Maltreatment 2015. Recuperado de httt://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/research-data-techology/statistics-research/child-maltreatment.

van Ginkel, J.R., & Kroonenberg, P.M. (2014). Analysis of variance of multiply imputed data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 49(1), 78-91.

van Mourik, K., Crone, M. R., de Wolff, M. S., & Reis, R. (2017). Parent training programs for ethnic minorities: A meta-analysis of adaptations and effect. Prevention Science, 18(1), 95-105.

Vlahovicova, K., Melendez-Torres, G.J., Leijten, P., Knerr, W., & Gardner, F. (2017). Parenting Programs for the Prevention of Child Physical Abuse Recurrence: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 20(3), 351-365.

Wolfe, D. (1987). Child abuse: implications for child development and psychopathology. London: Sage Publications.

Wolfe, D.A. (1998). Prevention of child abuse and neglect. In Canada health action: Building on the legacy – Determinants of health, Vol. I – Children and youth (pp. 103-131). Ste Foy, PQ: Editions Multimondes Inc.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología / Puerto Rican Journal of Psychology es una publicación indexada en las bases de datos especializadas de:
 
    
EBSCO HostLATINDEXPEPSIC E-Revistas
    

 
    
    
    

Asociación de Psicología de Puerto Rico
PO Box 363435 San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936-3435 
Tel.(787) 751-7100 / Fax.(787) 758-6467
E-mail: revpuertorriquenadepsicologia@gmail.com 

free porn